An Efficient Waste-to-Energy Process
In October 2017, Taronis announced that it had completed designing a prototype fourth-generation reactor after four years of work. In this updated design, a much larger area is exposed to the plasma arc. It is expected to extract around 90% of the useful gas in the first pass through the plasma arc so that the feedstock only needs to pass through the system once or twice rather than the six to eight times in the current iteration. Simulations predict that this will reduce the amount of power required per cubic meter by 75% and increase the gas production rate for the same amount of power by at least five times.
Fourth-generation Technology Future Applications
Since the fourth-generation technology will be able to process a range of pulverized waste materials, once commercialized it may be deployed in Europe in waste-to-energy plants that process waste collected locally and produce heat and electric power for local consumption.
What Makes Our Fourth-generation Technology So Efficient?
Gasification is an attractive alternative to incineration as the extremely high-temperature process breaks down toxic dioxins and furans, there is no ash to dispose of and any inorganic materials form a glassy slag which can be used as an aggregate for road-building, subject to the appropriate permits.
Advantages of 4th-generation Waste-to-Energy Technology
Comprehensive System Reconfiguration
- Increases length of plasma arc by up to 10.0x.
- Increases the surface area of the area by 5.0x or more.
- Multiple ports for materials injection into the gasification chamber.
Significantly Increased Production Efficiency
- 90%+ first pass efficiency.
- Eliminates 80-85% of processing time to fully gasify feedstock.
- Reduces labor, power consumption costs by 70-80%.
- Estimated to increase production rates by 3-5X.
Potential to Unlock Waste to Energy Model
- Could produce gas at costs near LNG, propane, other cheap fossil fuels.
- Expand from liquids to “fluids” such as plastics, biomass, coal, etc.
- Expands grant funding opportunities with the Department of Energy, California Energy Commission, Europe, etc.